Annittra Atler on How Learning Multilingual Education Enhances Cognitive Development | Albuquerque, New Mexico

Annittra Atler
3 min readJun 13, 2023


Multilingual education refers to the learning and acquisition of multiple languages in an educational setting. It involves teaching students subjects and content in more than one language, allowing them to develop proficiency and fluency in various languages. Multilingual education offers numerous cognitive benefits beyond the obvious advantages of communicating with diverse populations.

Enhanced Executive Functioning: Research suggests that multilingual education can improve executive functioning skills, which are the cognitive processes involved in attention, memory, problem-solving, and self-regulation. Multilingual individuals often exhibit improved attention control, cognitive flexibility, and task-switching abilities. The constant practice of switching between languages and navigating different linguistic systems exercises the brain and strengthens executive functions.

Improved Memory: Learning and using multiple languages require memorizing vocabulary, grammar rules, and sentence structures. This continuous mental exercise enhances memory skills and improves the ability to retain and recall information. Multilingual individuals often exhibit better working memory, which is crucial for comprehension, problem-solving, and learning new concepts.

Heightened Metalinguistic Awareness: Multilingual education fosters metalinguistic awareness, which is the ability to reflect on the language and understand its components and structures. Multilingual individuals develop a deeper understanding of language concepts, such as grammar rules, syntax, and semantics. This metalinguistic awareness transfers to improved reading comprehension, writing skills, and overall linguistic proficiency in all languages they learn.

Increased Cognitive Flexibility: Learning multiple languages exposes individuals to different ways of thinking and expressing ideas. Multilingual individuals develop cognitive flexibility, which is adapting and switching between different cognitive tasks and perspectives. This cognitive flexibility extends beyond language and can enhance problem-solving skills, creativity, and adaptability in various domains.

Enhanced Analytical Skills: Multilingual education promotes analytical thinking and the ability to analyze and compare language structures. When students learn multiple languages, they develop a deeper understanding of grammar, syntax, and linguistic patterns. This analytical thinking transfers to other subjects and can improve critical thinking, logical reasoning, and problem-solving abilities.

Greater Cultural Awareness: Learning multiple languages involves exposure to different cultures, customs, and perspectives. Multilingual education encourages students to embrace cultural diversity and fosters a sense of empathy and tolerance. By understanding different cultural contexts, multilingual individuals develop a broader worldview and a greater appreciation for cultural differences, contributing to their overall cognitive and social development.

Increased Cognitive Reserve: Research suggests that multilingualism contributes to the development of cognitive reserve, which refers to the brain’s ability to withstand age-related decline and adapt to cognitive challenges. Multilingual individuals have been shown to have a delayed onset of cognitive decline and a reduced risk of age-related cognitive disorders such as dementia. The continuous mental exercise and cognitive demands associated with learning and using multiple languages contribute to building a cognitive reserve that benefits individuals throughout their lives.

Improved Academic Performance: Studies have shown that students in multilingual education programs often exhibit improved academic performance across various subjects. Multilingualism enhances verbal and non-verbal communication skills, problem-solving abilities, and critical thinking skills, all transferable to academic success. Additionally, multilingual individuals have access to a broader range of educational resources and can navigate diverse cultural contexts more effectively.

Multilingual education offers numerous cognitive benefits that enhance cognitive development. From improved executive functioning and memory to heightened metalinguistic awareness and analytical skills, the advantages of multilingual education extend beyond language proficiency. By embracing multilingual education, individuals can experience cognitive growth, cultural awareness, and enhanced academic performance that contribute to their overall cognitive and intellectual development.

This blog was previously published on May 29, 2023 at



Annittra Atler

Annittra Atler is the Associate Superintendent of Special Education for the Albuquerque Public Schools.